There are billions of billions of organisms that are currently deployed on the planet Earth. All of them came into existence by the process known as biological evolution and all of them are constantly preforming certain information processing or computational tasks. For all practical purposes these organisms can be considered as computers, but what is exactly their architecture? Do they have the classical von Neumann architecture or is there something else that we can identify and, perhaps, use for developing better computers? Do they use quantum effects or quantum computation, or all such effects are irrelevant for computations performed on the macroscopic scales of individual organisms? In Artificial Neural Computing we are developing a new bio-inspired computer by employing the latest advances in physics, biology and machine learning.